Cowskin Prairie CWND Chapter PinCowskin Prairie Chapter
Baxter Springs, Kansas - United Daughters of the Confederacy
Chapter Where No Division #2702
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Origin of Our Name

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Federal troops fought and skirmished with “bushwhackers and rebels” on various occasions on Buffalo Creek and in the Cowskin River bottoms, during the War Between the States.

Confederate troops under the leadership of Major General Sterling Price encamped on Cowskin Prairie for forage and training.  Stand Watie and his Indian troops often used Cowskin Prairie for encampment.

Cowskin Prairie, which today encompasses several counties in more than one state, which also became a site of Confederate preparation for engagements and training of troops.  Special detachments began mining lead for bullets.  Blacksmiths constructed forges to weld scrap iron into shells and canisters.  On an improvised rifle range, the men practice shooting in ranks of three – standing, kneeling, and prone.

In June 1862, the Indian Expedition Force was launched from Fort Scott, Kansas.  It pitted Indian against Indian, as well as involving the 1st Kansas Infantry, the 2nd and 7th Kansas Cavalry, the 12th and 13th Wisconsin Regiments, two batteries of artillery and others.  After entering the Indian Territory, the invasion force encamped on Cowskin Prairie, at Round Grove.  They sought to engage Stand Watie and the Indian forces.  The 1st Battalion of the 2nd Ohio Cavalry was immediately ordered into battle, followed by the artillery and supporting infantry.  At a distance of about five hundred yards the artillery fired a few rounds of ammunition into Watie’s camp.  The battle raged for several hours until, Watie’s troops escaped in darkness, leaving behind five to six hundred head of horses and cattle, which were captured by Federal forces.

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