Cowskin Prairie Chapter
Baxter Springs, Kansas - United Daughters of the Confederacy
Chapter Where No Division #2702
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Local History - Bit by Bit
Baxter Spring, Kansas

The Battle of Fort Blair took place at Baxter Springs, Kansas when the guerilla bands of William Quantrill and Bill Anderson attacked the Federal fort. Did you know that our home at the Baxter Springs Museum is located in the Confederate field of fire from that attack?

From: Baxter Springs Heritage Society

It is thought that the encampment of the Partisan Ranger, Thomas R. Livingston, and his band has been located in Cherokee County, Kansas. The location is just off old Route 66 northeast of Galena, Kansas, near the Missouri-Kansas state lines.

From: Phyllis Abbott, Curator - Baxter Springs Heritage Museum

Bushwhackers and Partisan Rangers, as well as Confederate troops often encamped in the Spring River area near the Missouri-Kansas border. They often traded and bought or sold items at Baxter’s Trading Post, which is where the town of Baxter Springs is not located.

From: Bushwhackers: The Civil War in Vernon County, Missouri

General Sterling Price and General Stand Waite used the Cowskin Prairie as a training ground for troops. When the Governor of Missouri, a Southern sympathizer, fled the capitol during the war, he was escorted to Cowskin Prairie for his safety.

From: History of Delaware County, Oklahoma

There is a National Plot, established by the Federal Government within the Baxter Springs Cemetery. The (re)burial of those killed during the Baxter Springs Massacre are buried here.

From: Civil War Veterans Buried in the Baxter Springs, Kansas Cemetery

During this winter 1862-63, Quantrill’s raiders acted as scouts for the Missouri Brigade, which was part of the Calvary Unit under the command of General John S. Marmaduke. (Marmaduke was a West Point graduate and son of wealthy parents. His father served as governor of Virginia). But he was a man that could not be trusted; he served in Johnston’s Army in the Utah expedition, and then resigned his position to follow Johnston into Confederate service. Those Bushwackers were as reckless and picturesque riders as ever cinched a saddle. Most of them grew long hair, had beards, goatees, or mustaches and long sideburns. They favored round-brimmed hats and tucked their baggy pants into high-topped cavalry boots. When not wearing a regular shirt of gray or brown, he sported a "guerilla shirt" knitted by his wife, or sweetheart, decoratively embroidered and had many pockets for bullets. Two or four revolvers were stuck into his holster and wider leather belts, often with another 4 guns on his horse.

From: Bushwacker Story, compiled by Arminta Smith

During the War Between the States, the Cherokee Neutral Lands was a strip of land running west from the Missouri-Kansas Border. It took in a portion of Indian Territory and part of what is now Baxter Springs. Although it served as a buffer zone between the southeast part of Kansas and IT, it was to this area that many refugee Indians traveled for their safety. Many of these refugee Indians camped out in an area that sets directly south of the museum to the current state line of Oklahoma.

From: Nannie Lee Burns Indian Pioneer History Interviews of Ottawa County, Oklahoma

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